Social stratification can be done in various aspects. In this writing almost all possible current alive generations are introduced. Despite that the Lost Generation is somehow lost by now; but they are considered here too, to complete the World Wars triangle (WW I, WW II, WW III [Iraq War]) effect on generation building.

Historical events in the United States of America had been caused to various generation emerges. Wars, industrialization, immigration, panics, Booms, Slumps, grand domestic policies, changes in social strata, emergences of various schools and etc. can be listed as occurrences which would result in a Generation. Some of these phenomena are considered as special generations (i.e. literary, social or etc. ones). Among them Lost Generation and Beat Generation are well known in Literature field and Lost Generation, Baby-Boom Generation, Generation X and Generation Y are famous in societal context.

According to Encarta Encyclopedia Generation is clarified as:

interval of time between the birth of parents and the birth of their offspring. This is usually taken to be approximately 30 years. All children of one set of parents are members of the same generation although they may be years apart in age. In anthropology, the term generation refers to one degree in the line of descent from a particular ancestor. Where records have been kept, anthropologists can trace the descent of various branches of a tribe through many generations.
In sociology, members of a society who were born at about the same time are considered of the same generation. Thus, social scientists attempt to explain the behavior patterns of a particular generation by studying the customs and events of that time. Often, striking differences are found between the generations; for example, during the Vietnam War young adults in the United States and other countries tended to be highly vocal antiwar activists. The older generation, many of whom had served in the armed forces during World War II, were frequently more conservative in their reactions to the war, at least during the first few years. Such differences in attitudes and beliefs often cause misunderstandings and antagonistic feelings between generations. [1]

Lost Generation

Lost Generation is a post-World War I generation which has lost its direction, generation without goals or aspirations. The term roots from a comment made by Gertrude Stein to Ernest Hemingway, You are all a lost generation -which she had heard from a garage manager, une géneration perdue (a lost generation)- and of course Hemingway used it as an epigraph to The Sun AlsoRises (1926). It is a generation which many of its men are killed in war, especially the First World War. If so they can be counted as a general generation, but specifically they are a group of U.S. writers who matured and developed their individual identity during the war and established their literary reputations in the 1920s. In deed as an unfulfilled generation maturing during a period of instability authors including Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, William Carlos Williams, Thornton Wilder, Archibald MacLeish, and Hart Crane; Who rejected American values and lived in Paris and went on in writing after World War I during the 1920s and 1930s. The group never formed a cohesive literary movement, but was consisted of many influential American writers.

Baby-Boom Generation

This generation was the larger than expected generation in United States born shortly after World War II, which was result of sharp increase in the birthrate of a nation in the 15 years immediately following World War II. Here is a glance view to Microsoft Encyclopedia about the characteristics of this notion:

After World War II birthrates shot up, and by the mid-1950s were 30 percent higher than during the depths of the depression. This unprecedented upward movement in fertility levels produced a baby boom that was both a result of postwar prosperity and a reaction against the deprivations of the depression and war years. This boom helped fuel the growth of suburbs in the postwar period. The baby-boom generation had lasting effects on America. Education costs soared as this generation of children reached school age. The youth culture of the 1960s reflected, in part, the dominance of adolescent and young adult baby boomers. And recognizing that baby boomers will begin retiring in the early decades of the 21st century, the solvency of the Social Security system has become a major concern. Fertility rates declined again after the mid-1950s, although the 76 million baby boomers born between 1946 and 1964 contributed to a second, smaller baby boom in the 1970s and 1980s as they reached adulthood and started having children of their own.

A number of changes affected fertility rates in the 1950s. Many married women who had taken temporary jobs during the crisis of World War II now sought permanent positions. As these women moved into the workforce, they demanded more effective methods of birth control. By the 1960s new forms of contraception were available, including the birth control pill, intrauterine devices, and surgical techniques for permanently inducing infertility, such as tubal sterilization in women and vasectomy in men. At the end of the 20th century, 64 percent of women between the ages of 15 and 44 reported using birth control. Since 1957, the trend in the total birthrate has been downward. [2]

Generation X

Generation X is of Americans born between the mid 1960s and the mid 1970s. As a generation following the baby boomers, the Generation Xers perceived as being disaffected and directionless, disillusioned, cynical, or apathetic, generally characterized as opposed traditional values and greatly influenced by mass media and technology, a generation that wanted to change the work ethic- This Generation argued that the jobs disappeared as they graduated from high school and university. Charles Hamblett and Jane Deverson’s 1964 novel ‘Generation X’ can be known as origin of the term, in which it portrays the children who would come of age in the closing years of the 20th century as apathetic and materialistic. Following Douglas Copeland’s work Generation X: tales for an accelerated culture (1991), the term became prevalent in the late 80s and early 90s. They were young adults at millennium.

Generation Y

Due to the fact that this people were born after Generation X which was a group mentioned above, Generation Yers are those who born in 1978 or thereafter. They are also known as millennials in order to being born on the threshold of new millennium. These are who are widely engaging with the Unites States recent wars. Even if they do not participate personally in the war, their life and future is affected by its by-products.

By yanam49

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